Part 8


Part 8   Women of the Old Testament


1, Abigail- (wife of David)

Abigail was married to Nabal, who was a worthless ass of a man. He

scorned David, who had provided protection for Nabal and his men.

David was about to come into his camp and kill him, when his wife,

Abigail, interceded, convincing David not to kill him. When Nabal

found out about this, he apparently had a heart attack or a stroke and

died ten days later. Abigail married David (she was his third wife}

1Sam. 25:1–42

  1. Ahinoam of Jezreel- (wife ofDavid)

Ahinoam became David’s wife when he was in the wilderness and she

appears to have been David’s second wife (although, he had been

separated from his first wife, Michal, for about a year). Although the

Bible does not specifically tell us that she is David’s second wife after

Michal, she bears David’s first child (Amnon) and is always named

before Abigail. 1Sam. 25:43 27:3, 30:5, 2Sam. 2:2 3:2,

  1. Athaliah was the only queen over Judah, the Southern Kingdom. She

was executed.

2Kings 11:1–16, 2Chron. 23:12–15

  1. Bathsheba- (wife of David}

Bathsheba was apparently David’s right woman. Their relationship

began as an illicit affair and resulted in the death of her husband,

ordered by David (he made certain that Uriah, her husband, would be

in the front line of battle). Bathsheba was the mother of Solomon and

most of the kings of Israel came through her. David did suffer a great

deal of discipline for his actions. Because of this discipline, this

marked the end of David’s collecting wives and mistresses.

2Sam. 11:1–27, 2Sam. 12:1–31

  1. Bilhah

The personal maid of Rachel who bore children for Jacob on behalf of

Rachel, who was barren at the time. Her sons were Dan and Naphtali.

Gen. 30:1–8

  1. The Cushite Woman (wife of Moses)

Moses appeared to separate from his wife, Zipporah, on at least 2

occasions, and the second time appears to be for good. He later

married a Cushite woman, which caused quite a bit of controversy

among Moses’ siblings, Aaron and Miriam. Miriam was struck by God

with leprosy for her impertinence. This suggests two things: (1) God

does approve of remarriage under specific circumstances (Moses was

abandoned by his wife); and (2) God does not disapprove of interracial

marriages. 3 Num. 12:1–15




  1. The Daughters of Lot

These unnamed women had sex with their father and bore two sons,

Moab and Ben-ammi, who were the fathers of Moab and Ammon,

Arabic races which often caused great problems for the Jews.

We learn from this Lot did not teach his daughters what faith in God is about.

Therefore, when with their father Lot in a cave after the destruction of

Sodom, it never occurred to them that God still had a plan for their

lives. One option is, they could have presented themselves to their

great uncle Abraham, much the way the prodigal son offered to do the

work of a slave for his father (Luke 15:11–32). Abraham would have

no doubt received them graciously. They chose the option of incest

instead (this was all orchestrated by the older of the two sisters).

Gen. 19:30–38

  1. Deborah

Deborah was the only female judge in Israel of whom we are aware.

God had chosen Barak to lead Israel against Jabin, a king of Canaan,

and his general, Sisera. Barak would not go to war without being

accompanied by Deborah. The time of the Judges was one of the

most degenerate times in the Age of Israel.

Judges 4:1–14, Judges 5:1–15

  1. Delilah

Samson was perhaps one of the most flawed and most unusual of the

heroes of Israel. When Delilah asked the nature of his super-human

strength he gave her several false answers and finally gave in and indicated that it was in his long hair, a part of his Nazirite vows (God gave him great strength while obeying his vows). When his hair was cut, God left him and he was captured by the

Philistines. Judges 16:4–21

  1. Dinah

The only daughter of Jacob (her mother was Leah). Dinah was raped

by Shechem ben Hamor, and Simeon and Levi tricked the men of his

city into becoming circumcised, and then executed them while they

were recovering from their operation.

Gen. 30:21 34:1–31

  1. Esther

Esther became queen over Persia and helped protect the deported

Jews. Her story is one of the most fascinating in the entire Bible!

Esther 1–10

  1. Eve

Eve is the first woman and she was taken out of man, making him

incomplete without her. She was still made in the image of God. It

was the woman who was deceived by Satan; Satan attacked Adam

through the woman and Adam fell by the exercise of his own free will.

As far as he was concerned, she was the only woman on earth for him

(which she was) and he was not going to live his life apart from her.

Hence, Adam chose to live with the woman outside of the garden

rather than fellowship with God inside the garden (he made this choice

by partaking of the forbidden fruit).

One of the things that we learn from Satan’s deception of Eve is, this

is Satan’s greatest attack against man: he uses half-truths, lies and

deception. Our defense against Satan’s distortions is the truth, which

is Bible doctrine (Matt. 4:1–11 Eph. 6:11–19 2Thess. 2:7–12).

Gen. 1:25–27 2:23, Gen. 3:1–20

  1. Gomer

Gomer was Hosea’s wife, whom he loved dearly. Throughout the book

of Hosea, what we have is a parallel between God and Israel and

Hosea and Gomer. God loves Israel and Hosea loves Gomer. Israel

and Gomer are both unfaithful to their husbands.

Many people think that Jesus teaching by parables was a new thing.

It was not. God uses real-life instances in the Old Testament to teach

the truth to us. Right along side every narrative in the Bible is Bible

doctrine which we ought to learn by means of the narrative.

Hosea 1–3

  1. Hagar

Hagar is Sarai’s Egyptian personal servant who had relations with

Abram, producing a son, Ishmael. Ishmael became the father of

another group of Arabs who have caused Israel problems to this very

day. Because of Hagar’s association with Abraham, both she and her son

were preserved and blessed by God.

Gen. 16:3–16 21:9–21, 25:12

  1. Haggith

Haggith is King David’s 5th wife who bore Adonijah. While David

is still alive, Adonijah takes over as king, temporarily, in a power move,

intending to edge out Solomon. When Bathsheba becomes aware of

this, she goes to David and has him install Solomon as king.1Kings 1:5–53

  1. Hannah

Hannah, the barren wife of Elkanah, promised God that she would give

her first son completely over to God if He would but open up her

womb. This son was Samuel, who became the last and greatest judge

over Israel. 1Sam. 1:1–27

  1. Jael

Jael killed Sisera, the general under Jabin, who went to war against

Barak and Deborah. Sisera had escaped capture and was exhausted.

Jael provided him a place to stay and killed him white he slept.

Judges 4:17–24, Judges 5:24–27

  1. Jezebel

She was of Sidonian royalty who married Ahab, king over Israel (the

Northern Kingdom). They were both about as evil as a couple could

  1. She was a nearly constant threat to the life of Elijah.

1Kings 16:30–31, 19:1–3


  1. Jochebed

Jochebed was the birth-mother of Moses. All male children in Egypt

were being killed by the midwives (by order of the Pharaoh), so

Jochebed gave birth to Moses, and then placed him in a small boat,

where he floated to the Pharaoh’s daughter. Moses had obviously

been circumcised, as she knew immediately that he was a Hebrew

infant. Jochebed participated in the raising of Moses, although the

Pharaoh’s daughter acted as his mother, giving him protection.

Ex. 2:1–10 6:20

  1. Keturah

Abraham’s second wife after the death of Sarah. Abraham recognized

that the promise of God was fulfilled in Isaac, and he left all of his

substance to Isaac. Gen. 25:1–4

  1. Leah

Leah was the older sister of Rachel and the daughter of Laban (who

was the brother of Rebekah). Jacob was tricked into marrying her

when he thought he had married Rachel, the sister he loved. She bore

Jacob seven children, including one daughter. Gen. 29, 30

  1. Maacah, (wife of David)

When David became king over southern Israel (Judah), he married a

third woman, a woman of a royal background, Maacah, the daughter

of Talmai king of Geshur (this is an area east of the Jordan, and it

provided David with an important political alliance from that area). She

is the mother of Absalom, the brother of Tamar (who is raped by their

half-brother Amnon). Absalom will kill Amnon, because David did

nothing about his crime, and then Absalom escaped and lived for a few

years in Geshur. 2Sam. 3:3, 1Chron. 3:2

  1. Merab

Saul’s eldest daughter who was originally given to David to wed. Saul

changed his mind and gave her to be married to someone else.

1Sam. 18:14–19

  1. Michal (daughterof Saul, wife of David)

Michal was another daughter of Saul’s who loved David and married

him (she was his first wife). Saul had assumed that she would distract

him enough that the Philistines would kill David (Saul was suffering

from jealousy of David at that time).

1Sam. 14:49, 18:20–28

  1. Miriam

Miriam was Moses’ older sister who, after he had been placed in a

basket in the Nile, watched over him until he was picked up by

Pharaoh’s daughter. She then got her mother to nurse baby Moses (it

was apparent that the Pharaoh’s daughter knew what was going on

here). As an adult, Miriam lost her concept of her place in relationship to

Israel. She saw herself as important as Moses and bucked his

authority. When Moses married a Cushite woman (an Egyptian),

Miriam threw a l fit. God made it very clear to Miriam that she was

out of line by giving her leprosy temporarily. She died prior to entering

into the Land of Promise.

Ex. 2:3–10 15:20, Num. 12:1–15 30:1

  1. Naomi

Naomi, her husband and her two sons traveled from Israel into Moab,

during a famine in Israel. Her husband and both sons died, and she

remained with Ruth, her daughter-in-law. They returned together to

Israel. Ruth 1–4

  1. Orpah

Orpah was Ruth’s sister-in-law, a Moabite who married Ruth’s

husband’s brother. When their husbands died, Orpah remained in

Moab. Her choice not to stay with her mother-in-law was probably a

choice which ultimately meant that she was not saved. Ruth 1:1–14

  1. Potipher’s wife

The wife of Potipher, a ruler over Egypt, attempted to make Joseph

commit adultery. Joseph refused, so she claimed that Joseph came

on to her, and got him thrown into jail. Gen. 30:1–21

  1. Queen of Sheba

The Queen of Sheba came to Jerusalem to meet with and speak to

Solomon. What drew her was his world-renown wisdom, which he had

learned from David. Although we do not tend to think of Israel as being a missionary

country, many people were drawn to Israel (like Ruth or the Queen of

Sheba) because they had positive feelings toward God. Israel also sent

out missionaries, like the very reluctant Jonah. 1Kings 10

  1. Rachel

The woman that Jacob (Isaac’s son) was in love with and his second

wife (he was tricked into marrying Rachel’s sister instead of Rachel).

Rachel bore two children to Jacob: Joseph and Benjamin, and died

while giving birth to Benjamin. How Jacob felt about Rachel is recorded in Scripture in such a personal way, as to suggest that Jacob could have been the only

person to write those words (Gen. 29:18–20). Gen. 29:1–29 30:1–6,

22–24 31:31–41

  1. Rahab

Rahab was a prostitute who lived in Jericho. When Israel sent two

spies in to check out Jericho, they enlisted her aide against her own

people. She recognized that God was with them and asked that they

spare her and her family. Later, she married an Israelite and was in

the line of our Lord’s humanity.

Joshua 2:1–24, Matt. 1:5



  1. Rebekah

Abraham sent one of his servants to find a wife for Isaac. He found a

beautiful virgin from the same family as Abraham (Abraham did not

want Isaac to marry a Canaanite from the land where they lived).

Rebekah bore Isaac twin sons, Jacob and Esau. One was a Jew

(Jacob) and the other was a gentile (Esau). And this was not because

Jacob was a nicer fellow than Esau (he truly wasn’t), but because he

was interested in his spiritual heritage and Esau was not

(Gen. 25:29–33),Gen. 24:1–67

  1. Rizpah

Saul had a mistress, Rizpah. After Saul’s death, his top general took

up with Rizpah, which caused a riff between Saul’s son, Ish-bosheth,

and his general, Abner. Abner defected to David because of this

dispute. The loss of Abner resulted in the end of Ish-bosheth as ruler

over Northern Israel. Abner was the true power behind Ish-bosheth.

2Sam. 3:7–12

  1. Ruth

Ruth was a Moabite woman who married a Jew. He died, but Ruth

had bonded with her mother-in-law, Naomi, and accompanied her back

to Bethlehem. She eventually married an Israelite, Boaz, and

became another Gentile woman who was in the line of our Lord. Ruth and Boaz became the great grand parents of King David! Ruth is “special”!   Ruth 1-4

  1. Sarah (Sarai)

Originally named Sarai, she was Abraham’s first wife. It was Sarai

who suggested that Abraham fulfill God’s promises by having sex with

Hagar, her personal maid, which was a great mistake. However, as

the man, this mistake was on Abraham’s shoulders, because he chose

to listen to his wife and do the wrong thing. [Adam did the same thing]

Sarah bore her first son, Isaac, when she was 91 years of age, past

the time of being able to conceive (Gen. 18:13). The idea behind this

unusual birth was to foreshadow the birth of our Lord.

Gen. 11:29 16:1–6, 17:15–21 18:6–15, 21:2–3

  1. The Shulamite Woman

The Song of Solomon is one of the most unusual books in all the Bible.

It is about an extremely beautiful woman whom Solomon desires and

Solomon has 1000 wives and mistresses. However, he is very taken

with her beauty. Her soul is guarded by her shepherd-lover (he is in

her soul), so that she does not give in to Solomon, as had so many

women done before. Song of Solomon

  1. Tamar (wife of Er)

Tamar married Judah’s firstborn child, Er, but he died. When his

younger brother was to impregnate her, according to the Levirate

marriage custom, he had sex with her, but did not impregnate her.

God killed him. Judah promised her that she would marry another son

of his, but reneged on the promise, thinking her to be bad luck. Judah

himself impregnated her sometime later, taking her to be a prostitute.

Her son, Perez (a twin), was in the line of our Lord.

Gen. 30 Ruth 4:12, 18

  1. Tamar (daughter of David)

Amnon, David’s son by Ahinoam, was in lust with is half-sister, Tamar.

He finagled a scenario where she had to take care of him and he

raped her. Her full brother, Absalom, murdered Amnon, which set up

a schism between his father David and himself. This led to a

revolution throughout all Israel which caused David to leave the

country. 2Sam. 13

  1. Zilpah

The personal maid of Leah, who bore sons Gad and Asher to Jacob.

Now, you may wonder, how is it that God seemingly blesses the 12

tribes of Israel when these are the sons of Jacob by 4 different women.

The key is, God works with what He has. He works all things together

for good to those who love God [one way of designating spiritual

maturity in a believer] (Rom. 8:28).

  1. Zipporah (wife of Moses)

Zipporah was Moses’ wife of Midianite descent. Moses appeared to

get along much better with his father-in-law than he ever did with

Zipporah. Moses apparently sent her away once he circumcised their

children (she apparently viewed this as a gross and perhaps even

heathen ritual). She returned to him later when he first entered the

desert to lead Israel, but she apparently left him once again. In any

case, after she is brought back to Moses by his father-in-law, we never

hear about her again. Ex. 2:16–22 4:24–26, 15:1–7 18:2